While theories and solutions abound from educational experts and practitioners, I think they mostly miss the point. I would argue that chronic absenteeism is merely a symptom of a larger problem that has been building for years, perhaps decades — that too many students don’t find school to be interesting, engaging, or relevant for their futures. This is particularly true for kids of color and other marginalized student populations. Despite the dramatic changes in our society, our education system continues to rely on legacy ideas and historically-taught content, rather than preparing our students to navigate an increasingly complex world.
When schools and districts take the time to ask students, families, employers, and community and civic leaders what young people need for future success, it results in a set of skills, competencies, and mindsets vastly different from that for which the state holds schools accountable. An analysis of dozens of these community-wide processes paints a clear picture — young people need to communicate and collaborate effectively, think critically and creatively to solve problems, be self-directed lifelong learners and culturally competent and contributing citizens, be kind and compassionate, be technically and financially literate, maintain a healthy mind and body, and have a sense of purpose and sense of self. While often implicit, rarely are these skills, competencies and mindsets the explicit goals of our education system.
If and when we organize schools around these competencies, students would see greater value in attending school.
Let me illustrate further by talking about my 13- and 16-year old sons, who are pretty typical kids.
My older son (10th grader) is intellectually curious and prefers learning independently. As such, he thrived during the pandemic by grabbing his teachers’ instructions and materials from Canvas, getting help when needed, accessing online tools, and completing his school work at a time and in a manner convenient to him and his needs. This last quarter, he was home recovering after a car accident. While he stayed up late on the phone with friends and slept in, with focused effort of about two hours per day he was able to complete his school work from the comfort of his own bedroom or dining room table. In doing so, he earned all A’s and a B. He’s now healing, getting around on crutches, but he doesn’t see much reason to return to school, except to see friends. He has been chronically absent, but nonetheless finding success.
My younger son (7th grade) cares little about learning, but thrives on social interactions with friends. He’s a pleaser, so does his schoolwork to appease his parents and teachers. Most days, when I inquire about his day, he simply says “it was boring.” His classes rarely spark his interest or inspire him to be curious, explore, and deepen his learning. He simply doesn’t see it as relevant; nothing compels him to go to school.
So, how can we shift teaching and learning to engage students in a way that brings them back to school and/or makes them want to be there? First, put students at the center of their learning. Give them a voice in what they learn. Give them a choice in how they learn and demonstrate their knowledge and skills. Most importantly, give them agency to take ownership of their learning journey. Enable students to center their own identities, cultures, and languages so that they find value, purpose, and relevance in their schooling.
Doing this requires teachers and administrators to cede control and become co-creators and co-facilitators of powerful student-centered learning experiences. This can only happen when teachers form trusting relationships with students, know their names and stories, listen to them, and create safe learning environments where they feel a sense of belonging.
Of course, none of this is easy, but we have the answers at our disposal. We need administrators to create the conditions that enable teachers to experiment. The state can help by shifting away from an outdated system of accountability that binds compliance-focused educational leaders to a status quo that we can all agree isn’t working.
My wife and I have long been fans of functional medicine — a field of health care that resists the Western medicine tendency to treat every symptom with a pill, and instead seeks to find and treat the root cause of illness. Our education system could benefit from this approach. Instead of treating chronic absenteeism as the problem, let’s see it as one of many symptoms of an outdated education system.